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Results of fea:

Results of social and economic development of the Samara region for 2016 under the section "Foreign Economic Activity"

The external trade turnover of the Samara Region in 2016 reached USD 5.7 Billion (69.6% against 2015), including USD 3.8 Billion (63.3%) of export and USD 1.9 Billion (87%) of import.

The dynamics of external trade for the period of 2014-2016 follows below (K USD):

2014 2015 2016
External trade 12124567,6 8185572,0 5694852,8
% vs. PY 108,6 67,5 69,6
Export 8753903,1 6024327,4 3813672,4
% vs. PY 111,0 68,8 63,3
Import 3370664,5 2161244,6 1881180,4
% vs. PY 102,7 64,1 87,0

The share of the foreign trade turnover of the Samara Region within that of the Volga Federal District was 13.69%.

The surplus of trade balance of the Samara Region for the year 2016 was positive amounting to USD 1, 932,492.0; as compared to 2015 it decreased by 54.9% (USD 2,351,726.8).

The turnover of goods from the Samara Region with foreign countries for the reporting period was USD 4,138,241.0, which is USD 2,569,517.7 less than in 2015 (-38,3%).

The turnover of external trade CIS countries for the reporting period was USD 1,556,611.8; as compared to the year 2015 it decreased by USD 924,039.7 (-37,2%).

The Samara Region had 122 countries as trade partners in 2016; the main partners being countries of the far abroad. Their share in the turnover of goods was 72.7%, inclusive of 63.8% in export and 90.7% in import.

Export

As before, the major share of exports from the Samara Region continues to be mineral products (approx. 50%) and products of the chemical industry (25%).

Article 2014 2015 2016
Mineral products 65,21% 61,97% 47,34%
Products of chemical industry 24,14% 25,90% 29,17%
Metals, precious stones and products from same 3,58% 4,34% 8,39%
Machines, equipment and vehicles 4,07% 4,84% 8,29%
Foodstuffs and agricultural raw stock 2,37% 2,08% 3,98%
Other goods 0,45% 0,64% 2,37%
Textile, textile products and footwear 0,15% 0,19% 0,30%
Wood and wood products 0,02% 0,03% 0,16%
Rawhide, furs and products from same 0,00% 0,00% 0,00%
TOTAL 100,00% 100,00% 100,00%

The main partners of the Samara Region in export were as follows (a total of 102 countries in 2016): Ukraine (15.6%); Latvia (13.8%); Mongolia (9.7%); Kazakhstan (7.5%); Belarus (6.6%); Netherlands (5.2%); China (4.4%); Poland (3.3%); Germany (2.8%); Turkey (2.7%); Uzbekistan (2.6%); Kirgizia (2.1%); Estonia (2.0%); India (2.0%); Finland (1.9%); French Guiana (1.5%); Belgium (1.4%).

 Import

The structure of import is rather stable. The modernization of Samara enterprises entails a large share of imported equipment and raw stock required for the production.

Article 2014 2015 2016
Machines, equipment and vehicles 65,97% 63,71% 61,52%
Products of chemical industry 15,00% 14,67% 16,14%
Metals, precious stones and products from same 7,46% 11,41% 10,79%
Foodstuffs and agricultural raw stock 5,77% 6,24% 7,06%
Other goods 3,91% 2,11% 1,83%
Wood and wood products 0,67% 0,87% 1,14%
Textile, textile products and footwear 0,66% 0,49% 0,80%
Mineral products 0,53% 0,49% 0,70%
Rawhide, furs and products from same 0,02% 0,01% 0,02%
TOTAL 100,00% 100,00% 100,00%

As far as the country composition of import is concerned, the ‘traditional’ suppliers of equipment prevail: Germany (18.8%); Romania (18.2%); China (11.0%); France (5.6%); Belarus (4.6%); Turkey (3.6%); Republic of Korea (3.3%); Italy (3.0%); Japan (2.9%); Cote d’Ivoire (2.7%); Czech Republic (2.5%); Poland (2.1%); Ukraine (1.9%); USA (1.9%); Kazakhstan (1.6%); Spain (1.4%).